Infectious Diseases Measures in Japan–Infectious Diseases Law–

In order to respond to severe changes in the situation surrounding infectious diseases, the Infectious Diseases Act (formal name: Law Concerning Prevention of Infectious Diseases and Medical Care for Patients with Infectious Diseases) was implemented from April 1, 1999 instead of the Infectious Diseases Prevention Act so far, and measures to prevent infectious diseases and measures to harmonize the patient’s human rights have been taken. The Infectious Diseases Act was revised on October 16, 2003 (enforced on November 5, 2003) and also revised from April 1, 2007, and integrated with the Tuberculosis Prevention Act in order to respond to changes in the environments surrounding health and medical care, as people and supplies move rapidly and actively as infectious diseases occur abroad, such as SARS (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome), which has spread worldwide between November and early July 2002. In preparation for the spread of highly pathogenic avian influenza (H5N1) and the outbreak of pandemic influenza, it was revised on May 2, 2008 (enforced on May 12). The Infectious Diseases Act classifies infectious diseases First to fifth classes, five categories, designated infectious diseases, and seven categories based on the severity of symptoms and the infectivity of pathogens. In addition, the revision […]

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