What is hand foot and mouth disease?

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease is an acute viral infection that causes blisters in the hands, feet, and mouth, and is prevalent mainly in summer, especially in children under the age of five.

It is designated as 5 class infectious disease by law about infectious disease.

Pathogens are viruses derived from the human intestinal tract, and mainly include Coxsackie virus A6, A16, and Enterovirus 71. The types of epidemic vary from year to year.

Features and main symptoms of the epidemic

If you suffer from hand-foot-and-mouth disease, 2-3 days of blistering (blebbing-like swelling) will appear on the mucous membranes in the mouth, palms, soles and soles, etc. after a 3- to 5-day incubation period. About 30% of children have fever, but high fever is said to be less frequent.

Usually, the marks of Minamata do not become scabs, but they will improve in 3 to 7 days. In rare cases, complications such as meningitis, cerebellar ataxia, encephalitis, etc. may be caused and aggravated.

 

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease caused by Coxsackie virus type A6 is characterized by large blisters, and it may appear in the thighs and buttocks. It is not uncommon for fever to exceed 39 ° C.

Although it has been reported that the nails of the hands and feet may be temporarily removed within one month after the symptoms have subsided, it is said that it will heal spontaneously.

 

Hand-foot-and-mouth disease caused by Enterovirus 71 is more likely to cause complications such as meningitis, cerebellar ataxia and encephalitis than hand-foot-and-mouth disease caused by other viruses.

There is no effective vaccine or drug for hand-foot-and-mouth disease, and no special treatment. It is important to rehydrate, and it is recommended that you take nutrition with less irritation.

 

In addition, it is necessary to closely observe the patient’s condition for any complications. Headache, vomiting, high fever, fever lasting more than 2 days, disagreed gaze, not answering the call, breathing fast and breathing tight, not getting wet and not peeing. If there are symptoms such as being sluggish, consult a medical institution immediately.